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Publications and Presentations

Our goal is to share how CSAFE research directly impacts the forensic science community. To connect you with the latest advancements, our team publicizes research results in peer-reviewed scientific journals and at worldwide forensic science conferences.

Below you will find links to full publications resulting from center research, as well as copies of recent presentation slides. Looking for more CSAFE products? Find research tools and datasets in our resources section.

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Found 168 Results
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Forensic Analysis on Joker Family Android Malware

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Chen Shi

Android is the most popular operating system among mobile devices and the malware targeted explicitly for Android is rapidly growing and spreading across the mobile ecosystem. In this paper, we propose a hybrid analysis of Android malware to retrieve evidential…

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Using the Likelihood Ratio in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

Type: Research Area(s): ,

Published: 2021 | By: Daniel Attinger

There is an apparent paradox that the likelihood ratio (LR) approach is an appropriate measure of the weight of evidence when forensic findings have to be evaluated in court, while it is typically not used by bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA)…

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Handwriting Identification using Random Forests and Score-based Likelihood Ratios

Type: Research Area(s): ,

Published: 2021 | By: Madeline Johnson

Handwriting analysis is conducted by forensic document examiners who are able to visually recognize characteristics of writing to evaluate the evidence of writership. Recently, there have been incentives to investigate how to quantify the similarity between two written documents to…

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Source-Anchored, Trace-Anchored, and General Match Score-Based Likelihood Ratios for Camera Device Identification

Type: Research Area(s): ,

Published: 2022 | By: Stephanie Reinders

Forensic camera device identification addresses the scenario, where an investigator has two pieces of evidence: a digital image from an unknown camera involved in a crime, such as child pornography, and a person of interest’s (POI’s) camera. The investigator wants…

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Forensic Science in Legal Education

Type: Research Area(s): ,

Published: 2021 | By: Brandon Garrett

In criminal cases, forensic science reports and expert testimony play an increasingly important role in adjudication. More states now follow a federal reliability standard, following Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals and Rule 702, which call upon judges to assess the…

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Psychometrics for Forensic Fingerprint Comparisons

Type: Research Area(s): ,

Published: 2021 | By: Amanda Luby

Forensic science often involves the evaluation of crime-scene evidence to determine whether it matches a known-source sample, such as whether a fingerprint or DNA was left by a suspect or if a bullet was fired from a specific firearm. Even…

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Treatment of inconclusives in the AFTE range of conclusions

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Heike Hofmann

In the past decade, and in response to the recommendations set forth by the National Research Council Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community (2009), scientists have conducted several black-box studies that attempt to estimate the error…

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Consensus on validation of forensic voice comparison

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Geoffrey Stewart Morrison

Since the 1960s, there have been calls for forensic voice comparison to be empirically validated under casework conditions. Since around 2000, there have been an increasing number of researchers and practitioners who conduct forensic-voice-comparison research and casework within the likelihood-ratio…

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Commentary on Curley et al. Assessing cognitive bias in forensic decisions: a review and outlook

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2020 | By: William C. Thompson

In their recent critical review titled “Assessing Cognitive Bias in Forensic Decisions: A Review and Outlook,” Curley et al. (1) offer a confused and incomplete discussion of “task relevance” in forensic science. Their failure to adopt a clear and appropriate…

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Estimating Repeatability and Reproducibility with Limited Replications

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2020 | By: Hina Arora

In many measurement settings, it is important to assess the reliability and validity of measurements. As an example, forensic examiners are called upon to assess the quality of forensic evidence and draw conclusions about the evidence (e.g., whether two fingerprints…

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Using Machine Learning Methods to Predict Similarity of Striations on Bullet Lands

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2020 | By: Heike Hofmann

Recent advances in microscopy have made it possible to collect 3D topographic data, enabling virtual comparisons based on the collected 3D data next to traditional comparison microscopy. Automatic matching algorithms have been introduced for various scenarios, such as matching cartridge…

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Latent print quality in blind proficiency testing: Using quality metrics to examine laboratory performance

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Brett O. Gardner

Calls for blind proficiency testing in forensic science disciplines intensified following the 2009 National Academy of Sciences report and were echoed in the 2016 report by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Both practitioners and scholars have…

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Judges and forensic science education: A national survey

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Brandon L. Garrett

In criminal cases, forensic science reports and expert testimony play an increasingly important role in adjudication. More states now follow a federal reliability standard, which calls upon judges to assess the reliability and validity of scientific evidence. Little is known…

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Using mixture models to examine group difference among jurors: an illustration involving the perceived strength of forensic science evidence

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Naomi Kaplan-Damary

The way in which jurors perceive reports of forensic evidence is of critical importance, especially in cases of forensic identification evidence that require examiners to compare items and assess whether they originate from a common source. The current study discusses…

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Battling to a draw: Defense expert rebuttal can neutralize prosecution fingerprint evidence

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Gregory Mitchell

The present study examined whether a defense rebuttal expert can effectively educate jurors on the risk that the prosecution’s fingerprint expert made an error. Using a sample of 1716 jury-eligible adults, we examined the impact of three types of rebuttal…

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Recognition of Overlapping Elliptical Objects in a Binary Image

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Tong Zou

Recognition of overlapping objects is required in many applications in the field of computer vision. Examples include cell segmentation, bubble detection and bloodstain pattern analysis. This paper presents a method to identify overlapping objects by approximating them with ellipses. The…

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CSAFE 2021 Field Update

CSAFE 2021 Field Update

Type: , Research Area(s): ,,,,,,,,

The 2021 Field Update was held June 14, 2021, and served as the closing to the first year of CSAFE 2.0. CSAFE brought together researchers, forensic science partners and interested community members to highlight the organization’s achievements, identify areas for…


Mt. Everest—we are going to lose many: a survey of fingerprint examiners’ attitudes towards probabilistic reporting

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: H. Swofford

Over the past decade, with increasing scientific scrutiny on forensic reporting practices, there have been several efforts to introduce statistical thinking and probabilistic reasoning into forensic practice. These efforts have been met with mixed reactions—a common one being scepticism, or…

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Judges and forensic science education: A national survey

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Brandon L. Garrett

In criminal cases, forensic science reports and expert testimony play an increasingly important role in adjudication. More states now follow a federal reliability standard, which calls upon judges to assess the reliability and validity of scientific evidence. Little is known…

View on Digital Repository


Latent print comparison and examiner conclusions: A field analysis of case processing in one crime laboratory

Type: Research Area(s):

Published: 2021 | By: Brett O. Gardner

Scholarship on the latent print comparison process has expanded in recent years, responsive to the call for rigorous research by scholarly groups (e.g., National Academy of Sciences, 2009; President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2016). Important to the…

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