McCoy v. State, 2015 WL 6087573 (Ct. Spec. App. Md. 2015)
Type of proceeding
Type of claim
Expert evidence ruling reversing or affirming on appeal:
What was the ruling?
Type of evidence at issue:
Defense or Prosecution Expert
Name of expert(s) who were the subject of the ruling
Summary of reasons for ruling
The jurisdiction’s standard for expert admissibility at the time – list all that apply: (Frye), (Daubert), (Post-2000 Rule 702), (Other)
Did lower court hold a hearing
Names of prosecution expert(s) two testified at hearing
Names of defense expert(s) who testified at hearing (or None).
Discussion of 2009 NAS Report (NAS2009) or PCAST report (PCAST)
Discussion of error rates / reliability
Limiting testimony ruling
Language imposed by court to limit testimony
Ruling based in prior precedent / judicial notice
Daubert ruling emphasizing – which factors – (list 1-5)
Ruling on qualifications of expert
Ruling on 702(a) – the expert will help / assist the jury
Ruling on 702(b) – the testimony is based on sufficient facts or data
Ruling on 702(c) – the testimony is the product of reliable principles and methods
Ruling on 702(d) – reliable application of principles and methods to the facts of the case
“Q: Now, when you review or rather analyze these casings under a microscope, you have to look at the whole piece of evidence; correct?
Q: And would you say that it’s a more holistic approach?
*6 A: Uh, yes, I mean I am looking at every marking I can see on the cartridge case to see if it has repeated onto the other, I don’t see one line and I’m done, you know.
This brief, but telling, exchange is evidence that Lamont conducted a sufficient investigation of the cartridge casings before reaching his conclusion that the cartridges found at the scene of the crime matched the cartridges recovered from McCoy’s vehicle. That another firearms examiner conducted his own, independent investigation only adds to our confidence in Lamont’s conclusion.”
Although there is debate amongst various federal jurisdictions about the reliability of toolmark evidence, Maryland has continued to hold that firearm toolmark analysis is generally accepted within the scientific community and is reliable.